Swine flu is a Respiratory Disorder caused by INFLUENZA TYPE A VIRUS also known as the H1N1 virus. This virus mainly cause infections in PIGS and does not affect humans. However those people who are in direct contact with the pigs are at a high risk of getting the virus. Recently an increased incident of Swine flu has been caused due to direct human-to-human contact.
In 2009 strains of swine flu virus affected many people around the globe – WHO declared it to be a PANDEMIC.
STRAINS AFFECTING HUMANS
With the increased incidents of death relating to swine flu a environment of fear has been created among the common people. Yet Swine flu like a common flu that can easily be prevented by proper vaccination and treatment.
CAUSE AND SPREAD
Human get the Influenza virus by coming in direct contact with the affected pigs. Those working in the pig farm are at a high risk of contracting this virus.
- Basically spreads via Droplet infection- gets transmitted by coughing and secretion.
- Human-to-Human transfer takes place by –
- COMING IN CONTACT WITH AFFECTED INDIVIDUAL
- SHARING CLOTHES
- COUGHING AND SNEEZING
- TOUGHING THE SURFACE THE AFFECTED INDIVIDUAL HAS USED
- Eating raw pig meat or improperly cooked pork or pork related products has proved to be very harmful.
Yet eating properly boiled and cooked pork is completely safe.
INCUBATION PERIOD – up to 7 days
Majority of the people are at no major risk and do not present with major signs and symptoms.
It only presents with MINOR SYMPTOMS –
- NASAL OR LUNG CONGESTION
- BODY ACHE
- HEAD ACHE
In some cases DIARRHOEA, NAUSEA and VOMITING can also be seen.
However these are mild symptoms and subside themselves.
GROUP OF PEOPLE AT HIGH RISK
- Pregnant women
- Children less than 5 years of age
- Old people
- People with respiratory disease like bronchitis asthma and also suffering from CVS disorders and diabetes
- Health care workers – Those dealing with Swine flu patients
MAJOR SYMPTOMS MAY INCLUDE –
- Worsening of the health condition
- Chest pain
- Sudden fall in blood pressure
- Blood in sputum
- High fever
- Loss of appetite
- Weakness and Frustrated mood
Lab test is the only way to diagnose Swine flu.
Method used – REAL TIME PCR.
Tests are done on the patient’s sputum in the lab to find out the strains of the virus.
Mild symptoms subside themselves.
In mid fever PARACETAMOL tablets have been proven very useful.
TAMIFLU, RELENZE – have proven useful within 48 hours of first flu symptoms.
Antibiotics are basically of no use as antibiotics do not attack virus and are only meant for bacteria.
Most people recover completely without much medical attention.
- TURMERIC AND MILK
- EUCALYPTUS OIL
- ALOE VERA
- Cover your face while sneezing
- Wash your hand again and again with warm water and soap
- Use sanitizers
- Drink lot of water
- Eat nutritious food
- Do not panic
- Prevent contact with people suffering from cough and cold – maintain your distance
- Do not touch your eyes and noseStay at home and avoid going in public if sick
- Immediately contact the doctor if the fever worsens
- Get plenty of sleep
- Wear mask
- Maintain hygiene and cleanliness around your house