Electric Cars

 Why Electric unlike ordinary car?

An electric vehicle (EV) is a vehicle powered by an electric motor, instead of an internal
combustion engine (ICE), and the motor is run using the power stored in the batteries.
The batteries have to be charged frequently by plugging into any main (120 V or 240 V)
supply. The first known electric car was a small model built by Professor Stratingh in the Dutch town of Groningen in 1835. The first EV was built by in 1834 by Thomas Davenport in the U.S., followed by Moses Farmer, who built the first two-passenger EV in 1847. There were no rechargeable electric cells (batteries) at that time. An EV did not become a viable option until the Frenchmen Gaston Plante and Camille Faure respectively invented (1865) and improved (1881) the storage battery. Unlike ordinary Cars produce a lot of carbon emissions that are ejected into our natural atmosphere, leaving us vulnerable to things like pollution and greenhouse gasses. In order to help positively the environment we live in, an electric car is a great step forward. By buying an electric car, you can also receive government subsidies for being environmentally conscious. Although you may end up paying more for your vehicle, the positives greatly overshadow the negatives. However there are still two sides to consider when you’re thinking about investing in an electric vehicle. EV’s get their power from rechargeable batteries installed inside the car. These batteries are not only used to power the car but also used for the functioning of lights and wipers. Electric cars have more batteries than normal gasoline car. It’s the same kind of batteries that are commonly used when starting up a gasoline engine. The only difference comes in the fact that in electric vehicles, they have more of them which are used to power the engine.
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Benefits of electric vehicles

Owners of an EV have the advantage of much lower running costs. The electricity to charge an EV works out around a third as much per kilometer as buying petrol for the same vehicleThere are a number of handy calculators you can use to see the savings, such as My electric car, BeFrugal’s Calculator and many more.

A battery electric vehicle (BEV) has a lot less moving parts than a conventional petrol/diesel car. There is relatively little servicing and no expensive exhaust systems, starter motors, fuel injection systems, radiators and many other parts that aren’t needed in an EV. Batteries do wear out so replacement batteries will eventually be needed. Most car manufacturers warrant EV batteries for around 8 years.

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Renewable energy: If you use renewable energy to recharge your EV, you can reduce your greenhouse gas emissions even further.  You could recharge your EV from your solar PV system during the day instead of from the grid.  Another idea is to purchase Green Power from your electricity retailer. Then, even if you recharge your EV from the grid, your greenhouse gas emissions are reduced.

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Less pollution: By choosing to drive an EV you are helping to reduce harmful air pollution from exhaust emissions. An EV has zero exhaust emissions.

Health Benefits: Reduced harmful exhaust emissions is good news for our health. Better air quality will lead to less health problems and costs caused by air pollution. EVs are also quieter than petrol/diesel vehicles, which means less noise pollution.

Eco-friendly materials: There is also a trend towards more Eco-friendly production and materials for EVs. The Ford Focus Electric is made up of recycled materials and the padding is made out of bio based materials. The Nissan Leaf’s interior and bodywork are partly made out of green materials such as recycled water bottles, plastic bags, old car parts and even second hand home appliances.

Safety Measures: Recent findings have shown that several EV features can improve safety. EVs tend to have a lower center of gravity that makes them less likely to roll over. They can also have a lower risk for major fires or explosions and the body construction and durability of EVs may make them safer in a collision.

Though electric cars can be more expensive to purchase than their conventional counterparts, the higher upfront cost is often reduced through federal and state incentives. The cost to refuel an electric car can also be a fraction of the cost of gasoline, meaning that electric cars can have a lower total cost of ownership. Under certain circumstances, switching to an electric car can save hundreds of dollars a year in fueling costs, compared to even the most fuel-efficient conventional cars.

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